In 1933, the 20th Amendment was ratified on January 23rd, finally acknowledging that presidents could get to DC much faster than in the 18th century. Alas, it meant we got President Snowflake that much sooner.
And in 1964, the 24th Amendment was ratified on the same date.
I do not condone punching Nazis. Ever, even when they pose an existential threat. That said, I do admit to enjoying a good Nazi Punching meme or joke, and think Francis needs to lighten up. Schadenfreude sounds better in the original German...
37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.
I was Sufficiently plagued by Ps and Ts and Ss. These however, were but Puppets danced upon the Wires of two Jugglers behind the Scene: and these Jugglers were Hamilton and Washington. How you Stare at the name of Washington! But to return, for the present to
“The Sensations excited, in free yet firm Minds by the Terrorism of the day.” you Say, none “can conceive them who did not witness them; and they were felt by one party only.”2
Upon this Subject I despair of making myself understood by Posterity, by the present Age, and even by you. To collect and arrange the documents illustrative of it, would require as many Lives as those of a Cat. you never felt the Terrorism of Chaises Rebellion in Massachusetts. I believe you never felt the Terrorism of Gallatins Insurrection in Pensilvania: you certainly never reallized the Terrorism of Fries’s, most outragious Riot and Rescue, as I call it, Treason, Rebellion as the World and great Judges and two Juries3 pronounced it.
you certainly never felt the Terrorism, excited by Genet, in 1793. when ten thousand People in the Streets of Philadelphia, day after day, threatened to drag Washington out of his House, and effect a Revolution in the Government, or compell it to declare War in favour of the French Revolution, and against England. The coolest and the firmest Minds, even among the Quakers in Philadelphia, have given their opinions to me, that nothing but the yellow Fever, which removed Dr Hutchinson and Jonathan Dickenson Sargent from this World, could have Saved the United States from a total4 Revolution of Government.
I have no doubt you was fast asleep, in philosophical Tranquility, when ten thousand People, and perhaps many more, were parading the Streets of Philadelphia, on the Evening of my Fast Day. When even Governor Mifflin himself, thought it his Duty to order a Patrol of Horse And Foot to preserve the peace, when Markett Street was as full as Men could Stand by one another, and even before my Door; when Some of my Domesticks in Phrenzy, determined to Sacrifice their Lives in my defence; when all were ready to make a desperate Salley among the multitude, and others were with difficulty and danger dragged back by the others; when I myself judged it prudent and necessary to order Chests of Arms from the War Office to be brought through bye Lanes and back Doors...
I'm heartened by all the massive marches and traffic shutdowns today, including in Mount Peculiar. Imagine if all the people who turned out for this protest called in sick on a particular day?
I remember the heady days of 2007 when Monkeyfister and I were pushing for a general strike. Sadly, the rest of the nation didn't follow our lead, but you know, I get it. It can be hard to imagine collective action when we couldn't even get the most popular candidate elected.
Yet, we could learn from the Greeks and the Indians and the Germans. We don't even need to do everything in concert, just so long as people choose one arc of escalation or another. We just can't let today be the end, but rather the beginning.
It's certainly possible, even likely, that the Republic (and a handful of very rich people) will survive Minority President and His Congressional Gimps. It survived W. It survived Raygun. It survived Nixon. WWII, The War of Northern Passive-Aggression, 1812. Etc.
But lots of people, not just Americans, died because of policies promulgated by Presidents Pet Goat and Happy Dementia and Paranoid Plumber. Lots of people died in lots of stupid wars.
As my son said when Minority President first was declared victorious under our anachronistic, pro-slavery system: "I'm a white [cis-het] man, so probably will be okay." Let's not be so glib as to forget the 30,000,000 Americans who will lose health insurance. Women, queers, people of color, et al, who will lose hard-gained protections. Our infrastructure and environment, for fuck's sake.
When the world shall be perfected under the reign of the Almighty
We're just witnessing social justice in the Minority Present Epoch, amirite?
Mishnaic appearances of the phrase mipnei tikkun ha'olam...attempt to solve large societal problems caused by legal technicalities.
In one case, this phrase is used to allow a widow more easily to collect the amount of money stipulated in her ketubah (marriage contract) (Mishnah, Gitten 4:3). According to traditional Jewish law, when a man dies, his children inherit his estate. The children, however, owe their mother the amount of money agreed upon at the time of marriage.
Ordinarily, someone who comes to collect a debt must first swear an oath that she or he has not previously collected this debt. Given the seriousness of oaths within Jewish law, the Rabbis recognize that a widow might be afraid to offer such an oath, and therefore may forfeit the money owed to her. Invoking the concept of tikkun ha'olam, the Rabbis free her from this serious oath. In this case, the Rabbis actually use the concept of tikkun ha'olam to eliminate a legally necessary procedure.
The concern that widows will not receive the money owed to them thus becomes more important than the general rule for collecting debts.
[T]he magnitude and difficulty of the trust to which the voice of my country called me, being sufficient to awaken in the wisest and most experienced of her citizens a distrustful scrutiny into his qualifications, could not but overwhelm with despondence one who (inheriting inferior endowments from nature and unpracticed in the duties of civil administration) ought to be peculiarly conscious of his own deficiencies. In this conflict of emotions all I dare aver is that it has been my faithful study to collect my duty from a just appreciation of every circumstance by which it might be affected. All I dare hope is that if, in executing this task, I have been too much swayed by a grateful remembrance of former instances, or by an affectionate sensibility to this transcendent proof of the confidence of my fellow-citizens, and have thence too little consulted my incapacity as well as disinclination for the weighty and untried cares before me, my error will be palliated by the motives which mislead me, and its consequences be judged by my country with some share of the partiality in which they originated.
On a practical level, the sources of night’s allure were considerable, including the natural mask it afforded persons in lieu of the facades often adopted during the day. “Dark enough,” affirmed a London writer in 1683, “to come back to one’s house without being taken notice of by the neighbours.”
Even on clear nights, danger of public exposure receded owing to fewer pedestrians. With most persons confined to their dwellings, public behavior invariably became more private—all the more, observed the playwright Aphra Behn, once “mortal eyes are safely lockt in sleep.” Then, too, personal associations at night were the product of choice, not circumstance—trusted friends and family rather than workmates or inquisitive superiors.
I have a late dinner with colleagues tonight. When I'm on the road, all I want to do is curl up and go to sleep after the day's work...alas.
When We Do Wrong For The Right Reasons, We Should Expect Consequences
And mercy. Obama biffed a lot of moral challenges, but he got this one right even when Manning did, really, do something wrong.
The best we can argue is that a) the good outweighs the ill, and in any case b) the circumstances of her detention are pointlessly inhumane. Manning’s own account of her wrongdoing, for me, shifts the balance of deliberation towards mercy, and I do agree that Obama has made the correct decision by commuting her sentence. A pardon, on the other hand, would go too far.
Oddly enough, I'm in Benjamin Franklin's birthplace for a few days, and if he were alive today we'd be toasting (moderately) his health at the ripe old age of 311. Anyway, here's a couple posts that feature him on this here moldy old blog: